TOK Knowledge Question Framework Explained!

Tok knowledge questions are usually open-ended and generic. These questions investigate and interact with knowledge claims linked to real-life situations. Further, they inquire about areas of knowledge and ways of knowing instead of focusing on specific content or situation.

These questions also include the terminologies like culture; nature, values, truth, evidence, experience etc. knowledge questions follow these contents.

What makes the knowledge questions?

Knowledge questions focus on TOK concepts rather than subject lectures. These questions are related to real-world events and provide evidence from the real world.

These questions suggest the domains of knowledge, theme and course four components like scope, viewpoint, ethics tools and techniques. Furthermore, how do they possess knowledge? What constitutes knowledge?

The key point of the knowledge question:

There are four elements of the knowledge question.


It focuses on various subjects and fields of knowledge. It also evaluates the relationship between themes, the areas of knowledge, and the entirety of human knowledge.


Perspective includes critical thinking. It includes students’ personal views and sources of information, as well as how different groups pursue the sources of information.

It also includes the evaluation of historical views and the evaluation of knowledge.

Method and tools:

It includes tools, techniques and practices that encompass the conceptual framework, the establishment of tradition, practices, and the methodology used by formal decisions.

It also considers the cognitive and material tools for pursuing knowledge as these tools evolved from technology.


Ethical issues influence investigation across several topics and domains of knowledge. Additionally, ethics addresses the issues of knowledge, inequality, and injustice.

So TOK’s discussion about ethics emphasises knowledge questions rather than debating the ethical issues.

What are the main features of the knowledge question?

Knowledge questions possess the following qualities;

  • The questions must be open-ended, which can initiate an investigation into the unique nature of knowledge.
  • These questions must entangle potential uncertainties and obstacles in knowledge. 
  • How do we understand the world? How we acquire, seek, generate and influence knowledge.

Example of knowledge questions:

While writing, TOK questions must follow the knowledge theory terms and principles. These phrases must be bold, like “How can we know?”

For instance, our mathematical questions are more defined than our scientific words. The more persuasive questions are investigative, like, “how properly is it justified?” might be “how persuasive is the evidence supporting?”

Furthermore, the TOK knowledge question includes justification, evidence, interpretation, knowledge etc.

Take away:

Theory of knowledge questions is open-ended and knowledge-based, so they don't require YES or No answers. It is advised to use TOK terminologies and vocabularies while formulating these questions.

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